Article in Proceedings INPROC-2009-36

BibliographyAlves, SÚrgio; Koldehofe, Boris; Miranda, Hugo; Taiani, Francois: Design of a Backup Network for Catastrophe Scenarios.
In: Proceedings of the ACM International Workshop on Advanced Topics in Mobile Computing for Emergency Management: Communication and Computing Platforms (MCEM).
University of Stuttgart, Faculty of Computer Science.
pp. 613-617, english.
ACM Press, June 2009.
DOI: 10.1145/1582379.1582512.
Article in Proceedings (Workshop Paper).
CR-SchemaC.2.1 (Network Architecture and Design)
C.2.4 (Distributed Systems)

Communication networks play a fundamental role in the response to a massive catastrophe, like an earthquake or a large-scale terrorist attack to a major urban area. In such situations, command centres must be able to rely on a fully operational communication network, for example to learn about on-going situations and allocate and guide the rescue teams. Communication is bidirectional: once in the field, these teams will feed the command centre with a more accurate view of the situation, contributing to the efficient allocation of the resources. Failures in this network, even if localised to some of the regions affected by the catastrophe, can have costs both monetary and in human lives. In this position paper, we propose the creation of a redundant, best-effort, emergency communication network that could serve to mitigate localised failures using off-the-shelf widespread technology. We give an overview of an architecture for a backup network, highlight the possible advantage of such an architecture to disaster management and discuss challenges that need to be overcome in realizing it.

Department(s)University of Stuttgart, Institute of Parallel and Distributed High-Performance Systems, Distributed Systems
Entry dateMarch 26, 2009
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