Master Thesis MSTR-2011-11

BibliographyAbdelfattah, Mohamed: Evaluation of advanced techniques for structural FPGA self-test.
University of Stuttgart, Faculty of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, and Information Technology, Master Thesis No. 11 (2011).
95 pages, english.

This thesis presents a comprehensive test generation framework for FPGA logic elements and interconnects. It is based on and extends the current state-of-the-art. The purpose of FPGA testing in this work is to achieve reliable reconfiguration for a FPGA-based runtime reconfigurable system. A pre-configuration test is performed on a portion of the FPGA before it is reconfigured as part of the system to ensure that the FPGA fabric is fault-free. The implementation platform is the Xilinx Virtex-5 FPGA family. Existing literature in FPGA testing is evaluated and reviewed thoroughly. The various approaches are compared against one another qualitatively and the approach most suitable to the target platform is chosen. The array testing method is employed in testing the FPGA logic for its low hardware overhead and optimal test time. All tests are additionally pipelined to reduce test application time and use a high test clock frequency. A hybrid fault model including both structural and functional faults is assumed. An algorithm for the optimization of the number of required FPGA test configurations is developed and implemented in Java using a pseudo-random set-covering heuristic. Optimal solutions are obtained for Virtex-5 logic slices. The algorithm effort is parameterizable with the number of loop iterations each of which take approximately one second for a Virtex-5 sliceL circuit. A flexible test architecture for interconnects is developed. Arbitrary wire types can be tested in the same test configuration with no hardware overhead. Furthermore, a routing algorithm is integrated with the test template generation to select the wires under test and route them appropriately. Nine test configurations are required to achieve full test coverage for the FPGA logic. For interconnect testing, a local router-based on depth-first graph traversal is implemented in Java as the basis for creating systematic interconnect test templates. Pent wire testing is additionally implemented as a proof of concept. The test clock frequency for all tests exceeds 170 MHz and the hardware overhead is always lower than seven CLBs. All implemented tests are parameterizable such that they can be applied to any portion of the FPGA regardless of size or position.

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Department(s)University of Stuttgart, Institute of Technical Computer Science, Computer Architecture
Superviser(s)Wunderlich, Prof. Hans-Joachim; Imhof, Michael; Kochte, Michael; Braun, Claus
Entry dateMarch 25, 2020
   Publ. Computer Science