|Maihöfer, Christian; Rothermel, Kurt: Constructing Height-Balanced Multicast Acknowledgment Trees with the Token Repository Service. |
Universität Stuttgart, Fakultät Informatik, Fakultätsbericht Nr. 1999/15.
12 Seiten, englisch.
|CR-Klassif.||C.2.2 (Network Protocols)|
C.2.3 (Network Operations)
C.2.4 (Distributed Systems)
|Keywords||multicast; reliable multicast; ERS; token repository service; ACK tree; TRS; height-balanced|
Many reliable multicast protocols use so-called ACK-trees to avoid the well-known acknowledgment implosion problem in case of large multicast groups. For constructing ACK trees, usually expanding ring search techniques are applied. Our simulation results show that those techniques have scalability problems itself. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for building ACK trees, the token repository service (TRS). The basic concept of our approach is a token, which represents the right to connect to a certain node in the corresponding ACK tree. For each node in the ACK tree TRS stores a token for each potential successor this node can accept. A node that wants to join a group requests TRS for an appropriate token. The TRS protocol described in this paper provides for height-balanced ACK trees. Our simulation results show that the created height-balanced ACK trees have significant benefits. They reduce round trip delay and optimize reliability in case of node failures. Moreover, compared to expanding ring search, TRS results in a much lower message overhead.
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|Abteilung(en)||Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Parallele und Verteilte Höchstleistungsrechner, Verteilte Systeme|
|Eingabedatum||24. November 1999|