Guide on transferring technology from one organization to another
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Using New Technologies: A Technology Transfer Guidebook For the past ten years, the data processing profession has been slowly learning that technology transfer is one of its biggest problems, if not the biggest problem. --Ed Yourdon, Forward, Agents of Change Section Objectives 1. Explain why you should be concerned about technology transfer 2. Explain the relationship between technology transfer and process improvement 3. Describe the guidebook's contents Using New Technologies provides practical guidance on how to successfully transfer technology into your organization. Aimed at engineers and managers, the guidance is distilled from a broad base of experience and research and is illustrated by numerous examples. This guidance can be used both as part of a process improvement effort and in support of individual technology transfers. This guidebook helps you, the technology consumer: * Understand the importance of management support and user buy-in to the transfer and understand how to acquire them * Ensure that the technology and transfer strategy are consistent with your organization's needs and culture * Successfully plan and implement the technology transfer This guidebook helps you address the challenges --- technical, economical, human, and organizational --- in making your organization willing and able to transfer and use new technology. Rapidly changing markets, tighter budgets, increasingly critical roles for technology, and new government and standards' requirements are issues that engineers and managers contend with daily. These factors require organizations to successfully select, adapt, introduce, and use new technologies. Because of these factors, all organizations transfer in new technology at one time or another; many do so frequently. However, most organizations follow an ad hoc technology transfer process. Just as developing software through an ad hoc process leads to spending more money than is needed on software development, transferring technology through an ad hoc process also leads to spending money on technology that is never recouped from using that technology. In all transfers, regardless of the technology, you can follow a similar overall process for technology transfer. That is, the general principles of what you do during a technology transfer will differ little; how you do it may differ quite a bit. For example, in selecting a computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tool or in selecting a new network protocol, you should talk to potential users to understand their needs and requirements. How you get their input may differ, but the fact that you should get their input does not. You can take the same defined technology transfer process and adapt it to each situation. This guidebook provides a defined technology transfer process that you can adapt and use in all your transfer situations. Speed of Technology Change and Technology Transfer Technologies are changing at a dramatically faster rate than the rate at which organizations transfer and use them. This section recounts and compares studies on these rates of change in the software industry. This guidebook is organized as follows: Section 1, Motivating Technology Transfer, justifies the use of a technology transfer process and gives you a roadmap to the guidebook's contents. Section 2, Understanding the Technology Transfer Process, introduces the technology transfer process, introduces technology transfer concepts, and gives you the information you need to start and use the process guidance. Sections 3 through 7 contain guidance for the five steps of the technology transfer process as follows: Section 3, Look at Your Situation: Understand Context, helps you understand your internal and external environment regarding the transfer and define objectives and strategies for how to proceed. Section 4, Choose the Right Path: Analyze Risks and Select Strategy, helps you understand the risks associated with the transfer and select the right strategy to follow. Section 5, Focus the Transfer: Plan Technology Implementation, helps you plan the next step of the technology implementation. Section 6, Getting it Done: Implement Technology, helps you implement the transfer as defined in the plan. Section 7, Determine Where to Go Next: Review and Update Transfer Plan, helps you understand the results of the transfer to date and how to proceed based on the results. Section 8, Improving Your Technology Transfer Process, provides general guidelines for how to become proactive in technology transfer. The Appendix, Checklists for Applying the Technology Transfer Process, provides checklists that summarize the tasks you would perform in a technology transfer.
2.0.8 1 June 94 Initial release to the PAL
Approved for public release; Distribution unlimited
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